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Capital Of Nepal – Kathmandu | History | Interesting Facts

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, a country in South Asia. It is a beautiful and historic city, with many temples, palaces, and other cultural attractions. Kathmandu is also a popular tourist destination and is home to a diverse population of people from all over the world.

Capital of Nepal

Nepal is a country in Asia that is known for its beautiful mountains, rich culture, and friendly people. Nepal is often called the “Roof of the World” because it is home to eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain on Earth.

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Nepal is also a very diverse country, with people from many different ethnic groups and religions living together. The most common religion in Nepal is Hinduism, but there is also a significant Buddhist minority. Nepal is also home to many different languages, with Nepali being the official language. Currently, Nepal is divided into seven provinces and 77 districts. For an in-depth look at each district, click here to view a detailed list of districts in Nepal.

But did you know the capital of Nepal? It’s Kathmandu! Kathmandu is a beautiful and historic city, with many temples, palaces, and other cultural attractions. It is also a popular tourist destination and is home to a diverse population of people from all over the world.

In this blog post, we will learn more about Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. We will talk about some of the interesting facts about Nepal and Kathmandu, and we will also learn about some of the popular tourist attractions in Kathmandu.

Capital of Nepal

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. Kathmandu is located in the Kathmandu Valley, a large valley in the high plateaus of central Nepal. The city is at an altitude of 1,400 meters (4,600 feet). Kathmandu is the most populous city in Nepal, with over 1 million people living in the city.

Kathmandu is a very old city, and it has been the capital of Nepal for over 500 years. The city was founded in the 7th century AD, and it was once a major trading center on the Silk Road.

Today, Kathmandu is the center of Nepal’s government, economy, and culture. The city is home to many important government buildings, businesses, and cultural institutions. Kathmandu is also a popular tourist destination and is home to many temples, palaces, and other cultural attractions.

Why Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal

Kathmandu has been the capital of Nepal for over two centuries due to its strategic location, cultural significance, and historical prominence.

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  1. Strategic Location: Kathmandu is situated in the Kathmandu Valley, a fertile basin surrounded by mountains, which provided natural defenses and made it accessible to other regions. This strategic location made it an ideal choice for establishing the capital of Nepal, allowing for effective control over the kingdom and facilitating trade routes.
  2. Cultural Significance: Kathmandu has long been a center of Nepali culture and tradition. The city is home to many temples, palaces, and monuments, reflecting its rich history and heritage. It is also a major center for Newari culture, one of Nepal’s most distinctive ethnic groups.
  3. Historical Prominence: Kathmandu has been a significant city for centuries. It was the capital of the ancient Licchavi kingdom (300-750 AD) and the medieval Malla kingdom (1200-1769 AD). In 1769, King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha unified Nepal and established Kathmandu as the capital of the unified kingdom.
  4. Economic Importance: Kathmandu is Nepal’s largest and most economically important city. It centers the country’s trade, industry, and tourism. The city is home to many international organizations and businesses, and it is a major gateway to Nepal for tourists.

The combination of its strategic location, cultural significance, historical prominence, and economic importance has made Kathmandu the capital of Nepal for over two centuries. The city continues to play a vital role in the country’s political, economic, and cultural life.

A Brief History of Kathmandu

Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, is a vibrant city steeped in history and culture. Located in the Kathmandu Valley, it is surrounded by lush hills and mountains, offering stunning views of the Himalayas. The city is home to many temples, palaces, and monuments, reflecting its rich heritage.

Early History

The earliest evidence of human settlement in the Kathmandu Valley dates back to the 7th century BC. The valley was once a lake, and legend has it that the bodhisattva Manjushri cut a gorge through the hills to drain the water, creating the valley and establishing the city of Manjupur.

The Licchavi Period (300-750 AD)

The Licchavi dynasty ruled the Kathmandu Valley from the 3rd to the 8th centuries AD. During this period, the valley flourished, and Buddhism became the dominant religion. The Licchavi kings built many temples and monasteries, including the Swayambhunath Stupa, one of Kathmandu’s most iconic landmarks.

The Malla Period (1200-1769)

The Malla dynasty ruled the Kathmandu Valley from the 13th to the 18th centuries AD. During this period, the valley experienced a cultural renaissance. The Mallas were patrons of the arts, and they built many of the city’s most beautiful temples and palaces, including the Hanuman Dhoka Palace, the Durbar Square, and the Kasthamandap Temple.

The Gorkha Period (1769-2008)

In 1769, Prithvi Narayan Shah, the king of Gorkha, conquered the Kathmandu Valley. The Gorkhas unified Nepal under their rule, and Kathmandu became the capital of the kingdom. The Gorkhas continued to expand their territory, and by the 19th century, Nepal was one of the largest countries in the Himalayas.

The Rana Period (1846-1951)

In 1846, Jung Bahadur Rana, a powerful general, seized control of Nepal from the Shah dynasty. The Ranas ruled Nepal as absolute monarchs for over a century. During this period, Nepal became isolated from the outside world, and its economy and development stagnated.

The Democratic Era (1951-present)

In 1951, King Tribhuvan ended the Rana dynasty and restored the Shah monarchy to power. Nepal adopted a democratic constitution in 1990, and the country has been a multi-party democracy ever since.

Kathmandu Today

Kathmandu is a modern city with a rich history and culture. It is a popular tourist destination, and it is home to many international organizations, including the headquarters of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

Interesting Facts about Nepal

  • Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia, bordered by China to the north and India to the south.
  • Nepal is home to Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world.
  • Nepal is a very diverse country, with over 125 different ethnic groups and over 120 different languages spoken.
  • Nepal is a Hindu-majority country, but there is also a significant Buddhist minority.
  • Nepal is a developing country, but it is experiencing rapid economic growth.

Interesting Facts about Kathmandu

Here are some interesting facts about Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal

  • Kathmandu is the Capital of Nepal
  • It is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Nepal.
  • Kathmandu is home to over 7,000 temples and shrines.
  • It is home to the Durbar Square, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • It is a popular destination for trekkers and mountaineers.
  • It is a very cosmopolitan city, with people from all over the world living and working there.

Popular Tourist Attractions in Kathmandu

Here are some popular tourist attractions in Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal:

  1. Durbar Square: Durbar Square is the historic heart of Kathmandu and is home to many of the city’s most important temples and palaces. Some of the highlights include the Kumari Ghar (House of the Living Goddess), the Hanuman Dhoka Palace, and the Kasthamandap Temple.
  2. Swayambhunath: Swayambhunath, also known as the Monkey Temple, is a Buddhist stupa that dates back to the 5th century. It’s one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in Nepal and is located on a hilltop overlooking the Kathmandu Valley.
  3. Boudhanath: Boudhanath is another important Buddhist pilgrimage site. It’s home to the Boudhanath Stupa, which is one of the largest stupas in the world.
  4. Pashupatinath Temple: Pashupatinath Temple is one of the most sacred Hindu temples in Nepal. It’s located on the banks of the Bagmati River and is a popular place for cremation ceremonies. It is one of the best places to visit in the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu.

Other things to do in Kathmandu

In addition to visiting the city’s many temples and palaces, there are plenty of other things to do in Kathmandu. Here are a few ideas:

  • Visit the Thamel neighborhood: Thamel is the best tourist destination and is a great place to find restaurants, shops, and bars. It’s also a good place to book tours and activities.
  • Go shopping: Kathmandu has several markets where you can buy souvenirs, handicrafts, and clothing. Some of the most popular markets include the Indra Chowk Market, the Ason Tole Market, and the New Road Market.
  • Try the local food: Kathmandu has various restaurants serving Nepali and international cuisine. Some of the most popular Nepali dishes include dal bhat (lentils and rice), momos (dumplings), and chow mein (stir-fried noodles).

Tips for visitors:

Here are a few tips for visitors to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal:

  • Be prepared for crowds: Kathmandu is a crowded city, especially during the tourist season. Be prepared for long waits at temples and other popular attractions.
  • Dress respectfully: When visiting temples and other religious sites, it’s important to dress respectfully. This means covering your shoulders and knees.
  • Bargain when shopping: It’s customary to bargain when shopping in Kathmandu. Don’t be afraid to start at a lower price than the seller is asking.
  • Be aware of your surroundings: Kathmandu can be a safe city, but it’s important to be aware of your surroundings, especially at night.

Conclusion

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. Kathmandu is Located in a valley surrounded by the Himalayan mountains, Kathmandu is a popular tourist destination for its ancient temples, stunning scenery, and vibrant atmosphere.

The heart of Kathmandu is Durbar Square, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is home to a complex of palaces, temples, and courtyards. Built by the Newar kings over centuries, Durbar Square is a showcase of Newari architecture, which is a unique blend of Hindu and Buddhist influences.

In addition to its religious sites, Kathmandu is also home to a thriving arts and culture scene. The city is home to numerous museums, galleries, and theaters, and hosts a variety of festivals throughout the year.
Kathmandu is also a great place to shop for handicrafts, souvenirs, and trekking gear. The city’s Thamel neighborhood is particularly popular with tourists, as it is home to a wide variety of shops, restaurants, and bars.

Whether you are interested in history, culture, or nature, or simply want to experience the vibrant atmosphere of a Nepalese city, Kathmandu has something to offer everyone.

FAQs on the Capital of Nepal

What is the capital city of Nepal?

The capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu.

Why is Kathmandu the capital of Nepal?

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal due to its central location in the country and its historical, cultural, and political significance. It has been a hub for trade, culture, and governance for centuries.

Are there other major cities in Nepal besides Kathmandu?

Yes, Nepal has several other significant cities, including Pokhara, Biratnagar, Lalitpur, and Bharatpur. However, Kathmandu is the Nepal’s capital and the largest city.

What makes Kathmandu special?

Kathmandu is special for its rich history, cultural heritage, and stunning natural surroundings. It houses ancient temples, and monuments, and is surrounded by the breathtaking landscapes of the Kathmandu Valley.

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