National Bird of Eswatini

The Purple-Crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus), the national bird of Eswatini. Purple-Crested Turaco is a fascinating bird with unique features and behaviors. Learn more about Purple-Crested Turaco and its interesting facts.

National Bird of Eswatini

Eswatini, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, is known for its diverse birdlife and protected areas. The country’s savannas, mountains, and wetlands offer habitats for a wide range of bird species. Birdwatchers can observe the majestic African Fish Eagle, the vibrant Lilac-breasted Roller, and a variety of hornbills and weavers. Eswatini’s avian diversity and cultural heritage make it a remarkable destination for bird enthusiasts.


But did you know “what is the National Bird of Eswatini?” The answer is quite interesting, it’s the Purple-Crested Turaco. Its scientific name is Tauraco porphyreolophus. The Purple-Crested Turaco is known for its striking plumage and distinctive crest. It is one of the National Symbols of Eswatini.

Eswatini’s National Bird

Purple-Crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus) is the National Bird of Eswatini. The Purple-Crested Turaco is a medium-sized, colorful bird found in sub-Saharan Africa. It’s known for its vibrant plumage and unique appearance.

An Overview of Eswatini’s National Bird:

Bird Name:Purple-Crested Turaco
Official Status as National Bird:Yes
Scientific Name:Tauraco porphyreolophus
Range:West and Central Africa
Habitat:Rainforests, woodlands
Size:Length: 18-19 inches
Weight:8-12 ounces
Diet:Fruits, leaves, insects
Lifespan:Up to 20 years
Behavior:Arboreal, social
Reproduction:Monogamous, tree nests
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Notable Feature:Striking plumage, distinctive crest

Interesting Facts about the National Bird of Eswatini

Here are some Interesting Facts about the National Bird of Eswatini:

  • The Purple-Crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus) is the National Bird of Eswatini.
  • They are recognized by their distinctive purple crown, red eye-ring, and green body.
  • Purple-crested turacos are often found in wooded and forested habitats.
  • These birds primarily feed on fruits and berries, often swallowing them whole.
  • They are known for their peculiar, echoing calls that sound like Kok-kok-kok.
  • Purple-crested Turacos are known for their specialized flight, producing a distinctive whooshing” sound.”
  • They have been featured in African folklore and are often associated with symbolism and myths.
  • These turacos play a significant role in seed dispersal, helping to regenerate forests.

FAQ’s About the National Bird of Eswatini

What is the national bird of Eswatini?

The national bird of Eswatini is the Purple-Crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus).

What is the scientific name of the Purple-Crested Turaco?

The scientific name of the Purple-Crested Turaco is Tauraco porphyreolophus.

How long does the Purple-Crested Turaco live?

The Purple-Crested Turaco has a lifespan of Up to 20 years.


What kind of habitat does the Purple-Crested Turaco prefer?

The Purple-Crested Turaco prefers to live in Rainforests, and woodlands.

What does the Purple-Crested Turaco eat?

The Purple-Crested Turaco eats Fruits, leaves, and insects.