National Bird of India

The Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus), the national bird of India. Indian Peacock is a fascinating bird with unique features and behaviors. Learn more about Indian Peacock and its interesting facts.

National Bird of India

India, a vast South Asian country, is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Its diverse landscapes, from the Himalayas to the Western Ghats, offer habitats for a wide variety of bird species. Birdwatchers can spot the elegant Indian Peafowl, the resplendent Indian Pitta, and a multitude of vultures, parakeets, and eagles. India’s avian richness and cultural significance make it an appealing destination for bird enthusiasts.


But did you know “what is the National Bird of India?” The answer is quite interesting, it’s the Indian Peacock. Its scientific name is Pavo cristatus. The Indian Peacock is known for its vibrant plumage and ornate courtship display. It is one of the National Symbols of India.

India’s National Bird

The national bird of India is the Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus). It is a large, colorful bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye, and a long, slender neck.

The male peacock is more colorful than the female, with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green tail of around 200 elongated feathers. The female is brownish, slightly smaller than the male, and lacks the tail.


Peacocks are found throughout India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. They are typically found in forests, but they can also be found in parks and gardens.

Peacocks are omnivores and eat a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, seeds, and small mammals. They are also known to be very good dancers, and they often fan out their tails to attract mates.

Peacocks are considered to be a symbol of beauty, grace, and pride in India. They are also associated with the Hindu god Krishna, who is often depicted wearing a peacock feather crown.

The Indian peacock was officially declared the national bird of India in 1963.


An Overview of India’s National Bird:

Bird Name:Indian Peacock
Official Status as National Bird:Yes
Scientific Name:Pavo cristatus
Range:Indian subcontinent
Habitat:Forests, grasslands, cultivated areas
Size:Length: 35-50 inches
Weight:8-13 pounds
Diet:Seeds, insects, plants
Lifespan:Up to 20 years
Behavior:Displaying, arboreal
Reproduction:Polygamous, ground nests
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Notable Feature:Vibrant plumage, ornate courtship display

Interesting Facts about the National Bird of India

Here are some Interesting Facts about the National Bird of India:

  • The Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus) is the National Bird of India.
  • They are one of the most iconic and recognizable birds in the world due to their vibrant plumage.
  • Indian Peacocks have stunning iridescent feathers and a long, colorful tail with eye” spots.”
  • These birds primarily feed on grains, seeds, insects, and small invertebrates.
  • They are known for their impressive courtship displays, which involve spreading their tail feathers into a fan.
  • Indian Peacocks are often associated with beauty, grace, and good fortune in Indian culture.
  • They are the national bird of India and are protected by law.
  • These peacocks are found in forests, farmlands, and even urban areas.

FAQ’s About the National Bird of India

What is the national bird of India?

The national bird of India is the Indian Peacock (Pavo cristatus).

What is the scientific name of the Indian Peacock?

The scientific name of the Indian Peacock is Pavo cristatus.

How long does the Indian Peacock live?

The Indian Peacock has a lifespan of Up to 20 years.

What kind of habitat does the Indian Peacock prefer?

The Indian Peacock prefers to live in Forests, grasslands, and cultivated areas.

What does the Indian Peacock eat?

The Indian Peacock eats Seeds, insects, and plants.