National Bird of Nepal

The Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus), the national bird of Nepal. Himalayan Monal is a fascinating bird with unique features and behaviors. Learn more about Himalayan Monal and its interesting facts.

National Bird of Nepal

Nepal, nestled in the Himalayas, is a paradise for birdwatchers. Its pristine forests and mountainous terrain are home to an astonishing array of bird species. Birdwatchers can spot the colorful Himalayan Monal, the elusive Satyr Tragopan, and the iconic Black-necked Crane. Nepal’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage and its status as the National Bird of Nepal makes it an ideal destination for bird enthusiasts.


But did you know “what is the National Bird of Nepal?” The answer is quite interesting, it’s the Himalayan Monal. Its scientific name is Lophophorus impejanus. The Himalayan Monal is known for its Brilliant plumage, the national bird of Nepal. It is one of the National Symbols of Nepal.

Nepal’s National Bird

The national bird of Nepal is the Himalayan monal (Lophophorus Impejanus), also known as the Impeyan monal or Danfe. It is a large, colorful pheasant with a long, crested tail. The male is brightly colored with iridescent green, copper, and purple plumage, while the female is a more subdued brown with a white throat.

The Himalayan monal is found in the high mountains of Nepal, between 2,200 and 4,500 meters (7,200 and 14,800 feet) above sea level. It prefers forests of rhododendrons and other broadleaf trees, where it feeds on seeds, berries, and insects. The Himalayan monal is a shy and elusive bird, and it is rarely seen by humans.


The Himalayan monal is a symbol of Nepal’s natural beauty and diversity. It is a reminder of the importance of protecting the country’s environment. The Himalayan monal is also a popular cultural symbol, and it is often featured in Nepali art and literature.

An Overview of Nepal’s National Bird:

Bird Name:Himalayan Monal
Official Status as National Bird:Yes
Scientific Name:Lophophorus Impejanus
Range:Himalayas (Asia)
Habitat:Coniferous and mixed forests
Size:Length: 23-29 inches
Weight:2.6-3.5 pounds
Diet:Plants, insects, small animals
Lifespan:Up to 15 years
Behavior:Colorful, elusive
Reproduction:Monogamous, ground nests
Conservation Status:Least Concern
Notable Feature:Brilliant plumage

Why Himalayan Monal is the national bird of Nepal

The Himalayan monal is considered the national bird of Nepal for several reasons:

  • Cultural Significance: The Himalayan monal has been revered in Nepali culture for centuries. It is often depicted in art and literature, and its feathers are used in traditional clothing and jewelry. The bird is also considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity.
  • Symbolism: The Himalayan monal is a beautiful and majestic bird that embodies the spirit of Nepal. Its vibrant colors and long, flowing tail represent the country’s natural beauty and diversity. The bird’s shy and elusive nature also reflects the Nepali people’s strong connection to the natural world.
  • Representation of Nepal’s Biodiversity: The Himalayan monal is one of Nepal’s most iconic birds, and its presence in the country is a testament to the country’s rich biodiversity. The bird’s selection as the national bird serves as a reminder of the importance of conserving Nepal’s natural heritage.
  • Endemism: The Himalayan monal is native to Nepal and is not found in any other country. This makes it a unique and special bird that is closely associated with Nepal’s national identity.

The Himalayan monal is a beloved symbol of Nepal and is a source of pride for the Nepali people. The bird’s beauty, symbolism, and representation of Nepal’s natural heritage make it a fitting choice as the national bird.


Interesting Facts about the National Bird of Nepal

Here are some Interesting Facts about the National Bird of Nepal:

  • The Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) is the National Bird of Nepal.
  • They are recognized by their colorful plumage with shimmering shades of blue, green, and red.
  • Himalayan Monals are typically found in alpine forests and high-altitude regions.
  • These birds primarily feed on plants, fruits, and insects found in their habitat.
  • They are known for their melodious and resonant calls, often heard during the breeding season.
  • Himalayan Monals are highly territorial and often seen in pairs or small groups.
  • They are considered a symbol of beauty and grace in the Himalayan culture.
  • These monals are often featured in traditional art and are protected by law in some regions.

FAQ’s About the National Bird of Nepal

What is the national bird of Nepal?

The national bird of Nepal is the Himalayan Monal (Lophophorus Impejanus).

What is the scientific name of the Himalayan Monal?

The scientific name of the Himalayan Monal is Lophophorus Impejanus.

How long does the Himalayan Monal live?

The Himalayan Monal has a lifespan of Up to 15 years.

What kind of habitat does the Himalayan Monal prefer?

The Himalayan Monal prefers to live in Coniferous and mixed forests.

What does the Himalayan Monal eat?

The Himalayan Monal eats Plants, insects, and small animals.