When was federalism implemented in Nepal

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Nepal transitioned to a federal democratic republic on May 28, 2008 (15th Jestha, 2065 BS), marking a significant shift from its previous unitary form of government. However, the implementation of federalism, as defined by the new Constitution of Nepal, began in 2018 following the 2017 subnational elections. The new federal system established seven provinces and 753 local governments, signifying a fundamental restructuring of the country’s governance framework. This transition to federalism was a historic and transformative change for Nepal, aimed at addressing regional inequality and promoting inclusive development and governance.

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